نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Among the Quranic sciences and Quran exegesis books, a term titled “ما تأخّر حکمه عن نزوله the delayed ruling until after the revelation” and “ما تأخّر نزوله عن حکمه the delayed revelation until
after Its ruling” (Qur’anic verses and surahs which were revealed before their rulings and after their ruling) flourishes. The statement
“ما تأخّر حکمه عن نزوله the delayed revelation until after Its ruling” means there are verses which have been revealed but after some times their rulings have been legislated (Arabic: تشریع tas̲h̲rīʿ) like the revelation of the verse “قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَنْ تَزَکَّی successful indeed are those who purify themselves” (Arabic: سورة الأعلی 14th verse of Surah Al-A'la) in Mecca and interpreting “تَزَکَّی to be purified” as compulsory zakāt (Arabic: زکاة) and its legislation in Medina. The statement “ما تأخّر نزوله عن حکمه revelation after its ruling” means a judgment has been legislated in Mecca and after some time its verses has been revealed in Medina like the legislation of the ruling of Friday prayer in Mecca and the revelation of the verses related to this ruling in surat al-Jumu'ah (Arabic: سورة الجمعة) in Medina. First time the term “ما تأخّر حکمه عن نزوله the delayed revelation until after its ruling” was stated by al-Baghawī and the term “ما تأخّر حکمه عن نزوله the delayed revelation until after its ruling” was declared by al-Suyuti. The absolute trust (firm belief) in the speech of the companions of the Prophet (Arabic: صحابة saḥābah) and followers or successors of the companions of the prophet (Arabic: تابعون tābi'ūn) and inattention to the principle of applicability and conformity (Arabic: جری وتطبیق jari and tatbiq) and belief in a special occasion and the untrue exegesis of some verses of the noble Quran are of the main reasons of causing these two phenomena. While interpreting the reasons of the invention of these two phenomena this research with analytic-descriptive method has studied the exegesis of the verses which have affirmed (justified and declared) these two phenomena and increasingly, it has revealed the untruthfulness of these two phenomena.