عنوان مقاله [English]
There are several exegeses which have been propounded by the Shia and Sunni exegetes about the verses 16 to 19 of al-Qiyamah surah and the verse 114 of Ṭāhā surah which have prevent the holy prophet (peace be upon him) from hastening in the Quran recitation and in this paper they are named “the prohibition verses from hastening in the matter of the revelation”. With studying both most important exegeses of the Shia and Sunni Schools, it is resulted the six exegetical attitudes for the mentioned verses. The first attitude is common between Shia and Sunni exegetes based on the prohibition from hastening in the Quran recitation at the time of receiving the revelation and has been observed in all 15 centuries after hijrah and there is no consensus between all exegetes about the other five attitudes and they have not been considered in all preceding centuries as some belong to one religious school (madhhab) or some exegetic works. Each of the mentioned attitudes has confronted with several problems which cause difficulty to be accepted these attitudes. This note with library data collection and description and comparative analysis of the opinions along with intellectual (aqli), transmitted (naqli) and historic criticism, meanwhile accepting the happening of the instant revelation of the Quran (al-nuzūl al-dafʿī, Arabic: النزول الدفعیّ) based on the surah al-Qadr (القدر) and other verses and the related hadiths, it is thought to be a little before the revelation of the prohibition verses from hastening in al-Qiyamah surah and with considering the tradition of imam Sadiq (peace be upon him), he observes that prohibition from hastening is for awareness and before being carried out the prohibited act by the holy prophet (peace be upon him) and indicating not to convey the revealed Quran in the instant revelation.