عنوان مقاله [English]
Leadership in any society leads the society towards certain goals and draws a roadmap and designs intellectual and practical rules based on the desired (ideal) school. In the school of Islam, whose thoughts and teachings are based on the Qur'anic revelation and the prophetic tradition, leadership is the intellectual and practical authority and the objective embodiment of Islamic thoughts and teachings, and its director and promoter. Hence, it is an inevitable necessity, and on the other hand, because the orders issued by him are obligatory on every obligee (mukallaf, obligator), it demands different characteristics from other leaders. Since the age of messengerhood (mission), the issue of leadership has been constantly debated. On the other hand, each of them has exegeted the verses of the Qur'an according to their tendency and ability. This article, which is based on library sources and compares and analyzes the two interpretations of “Al-Muneer” and “Min Waḥy al-Qur'an” on the subject of leadership and its conditions, is a new subject that has not been found before. The political and jurisprudential foundations of these two Tafsirs (exegesis) are different and the conditions of leadership are different for each of them. The result of this descriptive study between the two interpretations shows that one emphasizes the reality of Sharia and the other the legitimacy of the current situation.