عنوان مقاله [English]
Humans are all born of the nature of monotheism, and according to the power of choice given to them by the sacred essence of God based on the wisdom, they are faced with two ways, “whether he be grateful or ungrateful” or by their wise choice, they take the side of God Almighty in the way drawn from, which is the source of happiness, or they choose misguidance by their ill-considered choice. The present study seeks to explain the influential factors in the spiritual arrogance and dictatorship of Pharaoh by using the Holy Quran, the views of commentators and thinkers and emphasizing the interpretive views of Allama Muhammad Javad Mughniyeh in Al-Kaašīf. These factors in the internal field such as: adherence to the inclination of the soul, feeling of needless, hegemony and arrogance and in the external field such as: the role of gentries, heads (leaders) and the noble classes of society has been studied. The motive for emphasizing Allameh Mughniyeh’s views is his contemporary view in Al-Kaašīf to global arrogance and Zionism as the pharaohs of the time, which is formed in the face of the United States and the Zionist regime. In this article, we want to know what factors caused the revolt of Pharaoh to the extent that he claimed divinity! Oppression and violation on the rights of the people was his way. The result of this research will be obtaining the general rule and the underlying factors in the formation of the spirit and behavior of the arrogants and criminals of history.