عنوان مقاله [English]
Economic theories can be divided into three groups according to the three scope of distribution, production and consumption. In this regard, distribution theories are of special importance because they are closely related to economic justice. Economic systems can be divided into distributional theories in terms of their intensity and strength of their payment. In the capitalist system, theories of distribution, along with theories of production and consumption, are less powerful. In Islamic economics, because of the importance of economic justice, the theory of distribution has been debated from the beginning. The premise of this can be described in the books of economic. This article is going to answer the question, how can the economy have the efficient allocation and distribution of resources (natural-human) and income? In other words, in Islamic economics, according to what criteria or cases are the allocation and distribution of resources (natural-human) and income? What is the geometry governing these criteria? The way in which this theory is expressed is to address the distribution criteria and classify them. In fact, in this method, each distribution theory must introduce its own distribution criteria and logically clarify the relationship between them. From the perspective of the Holy Quran, five distribution criteria play a role in the theory of distribution. The first criterion that can be considered as the main general criterion of distribution is the reduction of income inequality. The other four criteria are: the actual necessary need, the supervisory/directory job, the actual average personal need (to the extent of adequacy and dignity), and the actual average need of others (to the extent of adequacy and dignity) are specific criteria.