عنوان مقاله [English]
Muhammad Amin Astarabadi is one of the famous scholar of Imamiyyah in 11th A. H. Muhammad Amin has codified his teachings in a book titled “al_Fawa'id al_Madaniyya” which is a prominent work among his works. He has special principles and specific Quranic and Exegetical thoughts. This note has investigated and identified and criticized them with analytic- descriptive method and has achieved the below results: Astarabadi believes that the only way to achieve well-being is employing (resort to) the hadiths of the Infallibles (Ma'sūmūn). He believes that the main addressee of the holy Quran is the Infallibles and he thinks every exegesis of the holy Quran except the exegeses of the Infallibles is Tafsīr bi-Ra'y (the commentator accepts and believes the certainty of opinions and attitudes as incredible presuppositions then he interprets the Quran according to his own desire to prove them) and negates the apparent s meaning of the Quran verses (hujjiyat al_zawahir) in the theoretical ordinance He also believes that ijmae (consensus) and aql (intellect) are not appropriate. for being used as reasons and proofs. Astarabadi believes that the Quran includes all knowledge and also the distortion (tahrif) in the Qur'an is possible. There are serious critiques about these beliefs which are: achieving salvation and well-being of man is resorting to the holy Quran and the Infallibles (Thaqalayn literally meaning: holding the Quran and two weighty things) together. The assignment of the comprehension and understanding of the holy Quran to Shia imams has in opposition with being the holy Quran a miracle and the challenge of the noble Quran. Although, the profound and careful understanding of the Quran assigns to Imams but there is no proof for the negation of its absolute perception by non-Infallibles. The apparent meaning of the Quran verses which are not authentic is in contradiction with the verses encouraging thinking and contemplation. The exegesis of the holy Quran according to the criteria and conditions is possible and necessary and it is not considered Tafsīr bi-Ra'y (the commentator accepts and believes the certainty of opinions and attitudes as incredible presuppositions then he interprets the Quran according to his own desire to prove them). The comprehensiveness of the noble Quran does not mean the absolute comprehensiveness but it means the comprehensiveness in the religion and guidance. Because of the verse which states that holy Quran protected from any alteration and distortion and no-entrance of batil (falsehood), the holy Quran has never been distorted verbally.