عنوان مقاله [English]
The discussion of the relationship between Idealism which means considering the ideals only and neglecting the realities and Realism that means matching the movement only on the basis of the realities, has a long background and led to lengthy discussions. Some verses of the Qur'an call into consideration of ideals and ignorance of the realities, while other verses and warn of ignorance of the realities. The findings of this research, which have been done by descriptive-analytic method, show that although at first glance, these two categories of verses are incompatible, but attention to other verses such as ones related to the number of enemies in the compulsion of Jihad, moderation in charity, etc., can be summed up in such a way that, while constantly monitoring the ideals, man must pay attention to the realities. In other words, the Qur'an calls humanity into realistic idealism. It is clear that the forgetting of the ideals will lead to deviations from the goals, and ignoring the facts will lead to failure.